Job


Looking for work is a complex process which requires you to follow certain guidelines. In this section we will attempt to help you by providing you with information and practical tips enabling you to be efficient in your job search and to avoid wasting energy or attempting the impossible.

Finding a job is no easy task and you will need a lot of patience, persistence, responsibility and perseverance. After this self-awareness exercise it is essential to adopt a proactive approach. You can follow these recommendations in order to increase your chances of success and make your search worthwhile.

 

WHO CAN WORK IN SPAIN ?

 

Spanish citizens, citizens of the EU and the EEA and their respective families, following compliance with the applicable requirements in matters of the accreditation of labour, resources and medical insurance, as well as foreigners with the corresponding work authorization. In the case of applicants for international protection, they will be authorized to work in Spain once six months have gone by since the submitting of their application, provided the latter has been accepted and has not been resolved for reasons not attributable to the person in question.

Curriculum Vitae

 

This is a document which summarizes your academic background, work experience, language skills and additional relevant information. It is always headed by your personal details and a photograph to identify you. Your work experience is ordered from the most recent to the oldest and you should not omit important information such as the name of company or organization you worked for, the place and the date. You can look for CV models on the Internet which will serve as examples for writing your own personal one, although it is advisable to seek advice from the SEPE, the Social Services or NGOs.

 

The Curriculum Vitae (CV) must include:

 

  • Professional skills and languages
  • Work experience (the mostrecent first, specifying the dates)
  • Academic information (studies and qualifications obtained)
  • Personal details (personal data, ID-size photo and contact)
  • It is optional, but a good idea, to include a cover letter together with the CV.

 

Cover Letter

 

This is a short text about you which you can attach to the Curriculum Vitae (CV). The aim, by means of a short, personalized letter, is for the prospective employer to learn more about you and to be able to assess your application more effectively. This letter usually has important functions: To serve as a reply to a job offer of interest to you or as an application made on your own initiative for a job with a company. It is the first source of information that the company will have of you, so you have to put forward persuasive arguments to tip the scales in your favour.

 

Cover letter should:

 

  • That it should be brief, less than a page long.
  • That it serves to introduce yourself to the company you are writing to.
  • It sets out why you think you would be the right candidate for the job and the motivations which make you want to form part of the company.
  • Mention the experience you highlight in your CV.

 

Agenda Tracking

 

The follow-up agenda, although it may not seem so, is a very useful tool; it schematically sorts out all the information on the procedures you are undertaking throughout the whole process. It allows you to recall and visualize all the information on the visits you have made to companies and other organizations, together with their names, addresses, telephone numbers, dates, etc. It is a tool which enables you to organize things in the best possible way.

 

WHERE TO FIND WORK?

 

SEPE Office

 

Before starting your job search, we advise you to register as a job seeker at the Public State Employment Service (SEPE). This procedure is simple and can benefit you, because by being registered you can take part in calls for the recruitment of personnel and have access to information, employment counselling and vocational training courses, all free of charge.
In many cases, it is essential to be registered with the SEPE when being recruited by a company. The Public Employment Service is a management competence shared by the State and the Autonomous Communities, although it does not usually vary from one Community to another.

 

Employment services of City Halls

 

Town and city councils usually have job banks and advertisements with job offers and you can place your own advert there as a job seeker. For more details go to the town or city hall where you are registered.

 

Immigrant Associations

 

Town and city councils usually have job banks and advertisements with job offers and you can place your own advert there as a job seeker. For more details go to the town or city hall where you are registered.

 

MORE OPTIONS:

 

Internet 

 

This is a very effective tool and the one most commonly used nowadays. By means of browsing online you will have access to multiple offers, for which you can apply on the spot. If you do not have personal access to the Internet, you should bear in mind that you can obtain free access at public libraries, town halls, universities and some NGOs. With Internet you have the chance to perform a very broad search on the different job portals. It is a very competitive tool and the portals do not always provide immediate replies. Most of them require you to register to access the job offers.

 

Temporary Employment Agencies (known in Spain as ETT)

 

These are companies which look for temporary workers which they recruit and then use to fill vacancies in other companies. You must first register and submit an updated CV. Generally, these companies cover all employment sectors, and so they will include your profile on their databases and, if there is an offer which suits you, they will call you. This channel is very useful for inexperienced people trying to enter the labour market. The procedure is free of charge and does not affect your salary. You can find more information on the ETTs via the following link of the Ministry of Employment and Social Security

Portallet

Empleo

 

Newspapers 

 

The press is another channel for looking for work. There are several newspapers and Sunday supplements which publish different offers. You can also access the press free of charge at some public libraries, cultural centres, universities and NGOs.

 

Self-employment

 

This is a way of working for yourself or for a group of associated persons. It requires the support of economic, financial and strategic resources and a great deal of effort and dedication. It is not an easy path and very rarely leads to immediate benefits. This means risks have to be taken. We recommend going to the centres mentioned above, where you can seek advice.

 

HAVE YOU BEEN CALLED FOR A JOB INTERVIEW?

 

The job interview is usually a decisive step in getting a job. It is an inevitable step towards obtaining one and if you get to this stage it means that your profile is valued by the company. Only some of the candidates who get through to this stage will be selected. It is therefore important for you to make the most of the meeting to demonstrate your communicative skills, speaking in a clear tone, conveying confidence and not showing any nervousness. You should mention interesting facts about you, arousing curiosity with regard to your knowledge, skills, character and hobbies. You should go to the interview in good time, well-dressed and presentable, in keeping with the position you wish to obtain.

 

After the interview you have to wait for the company to get in touch with you again. You have to be alert and reachable by phone, by e-mail or by any other means the company stipulates. Check as often as possible whether they have tried to contact you and, if so, try and get in touch with them.

 

Things you have to keep in mind about the job interview:

 

  • It is a decisive and important step towards getting a job.
  • Before it, analyse and evaluate the requirements and responsibilities of the job you wish to obtain.
  • Find out as much as you can about the company offering the job.
  • Speak in a clear tone and convey a lot of confidence and interest.
  • Mention interesting work experiences arousing curiosity with regard to your knowledge and skills.

 

LABOR CONTRACTS

 

The labour contract is a mutual agreement within a legal framework between the worker and the company, whereby the worker undertakes to provide specific services and the company grants remuneration in exchange. The contract includes the obligations and rights of both parties. There are two types of contracts, depending on their length (permanent and temporary). Depending on the number of hours’ work, there are part-time contracts (5 hours per day) and full-time contracts (8 hours per day).

 

Most contracts are drawn up in writing and you should always ask for a copy. There are also verbal contracts for temporary work for a few hours. In short, the contract is a fundamental tool for enforcing the fulfilment of your rights.

 

We should highlight the importance of the conditions set out in the contract and remind you that, as indicated in the Spanish Workers’ Statute, we all have the right to aspire to a decent job, although we also have to display responsibility and the cautiousness not to accept any job with precarious conditions.

 

BANK ACCOUNT

 

This depends on each bank. As it is a private contract, each bank establishes what supporting identity documents it accepts as valid for opening a bank account. Generally speaking, the applicant’s passport is valid, or his or her residence permit in cases of beneficiaries of international protection. If you do not have a passport, some banks give validity to documentation proving that the person is applying for international protection.

 

WEBSITES OF INTEREST

Ministerio de Empleo y Seguridad Social

www.empleate.gob.es

Guía de webs de empleo en la RED

www.opcionempleo.com

Oficina de empleo

www.oficinaempleo.com

Linkedin: red social profesional

www.linkedin.com

Infojobs

www.infojobs.net

Primer empleo para universitarios sin experiencia laboral

www.primerempleo.com

Trabajo Fácil

www.trabajofacil.com

Infoempleo

www.infoempleo.com

Web con ofertas de empleo del Grupo Anuntis

www.laboris.net

Red Online de contactos profesionales a nivel mundial

www.monster.com

Bolsa de Trabajo Online

www.trabajos.com

Ofrece el acceso a las empresas inscritas en la web

www.trabajo.org

Portal con presencia en España, México y Argentina

www.computrabajo.es

Punto laboral

www.puntolaboral.com

Consejos para conseguir trabajo

www.oficinaempleo.com

Portal de empleo y formación

www.insertia.net