Public transport in Spain has a large network, both in terms of the state, for travelling throughout the country, and locally, around the Autonomous Communities and provinces.
There are national and international companies offering flights within Spain for travelling between the major cities. The main airports are: Adolfo Suárez-Barajas in Madrid and El Prat in Barcelona. There is air direct communication with the following islands: The Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands. The main airlines which operate in Spain are Iberia, Vueling and Ryanair. Generally speaking, most airports in Spain are located close to the city centres. You can find further information on the website of AENA (Spanish Airports and Air Navigation).
RENFE, the Spanish National Railway Network, connects all the main cities in Spain, providing the AVE and Alvia high-speed train services, as well as middle-distance commuter services connecting cities and towns close to each other. You can find further information and also book your ticket on the RENFE
website. Just call 902 320 320 and your queries will be answered in English, French or Spanish.
In Spain there are a large number of companies operating throughout the country which reach more than 170 destinations in a maximum of 12 hours. You can travel from any province to Madrid, which has large stations (Avenida de América and Estación del Sur) with departures throughout the day to a large number of towns and cities. Barcelona is also well-connected to other provinces and has two large stations (Sants and Paseo de Gracia). One search engine we think you will find useful for finding out exact details of the routes of all the companies and for booking your ticket is called Movelia. It is very important to purchase your ticket in advance because you can’t always buy one on the bus itself.
If you wish to travel by ship there are maritime connections which will take you to the Canary Islands, the Balearic Islands, Ceuta and Melilla. On the following website you can find further information on the available routes, as well as the companies which operate: SpainInfo.
Spain has more than 16,000 kilometres of fast roads with dual carriageways and motorways. The website of the DGT (Directorate General of Traffic) offers you comprehensive information on the state of the roads, traffic, accidents, tailbacks, etc. You can also obtain information through the customer service freephone at 011.
To drive motor vehicles you are required to have an administrative authorization corresponding to a driving licence. As the Directorate General of Traffic indicates, to obtain a driving licence you have to meet the following requirements:
- Be a resident in Spain.
- If you are a student, you need to show you have lived in Spain without interruption for a minimum period of six months.
- To be old enough: 18 years of age
- Not to have the right to drive motor vehicles and mopeds withheld due to a judicial decision, nor for the licence to be suspended or taken away.
- To have the required psychophysical skills with regard to the class of licence applied for.
- To be declared apt by the Provincial or Local Traffic Headquarters in the theoretical and practical tests.
Each Autonomous Community has its own internal transport system, linking the different provinces, cities and towns. The complexity of the transport system depends on the size of the city. Large cities such as Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Zaragoza, Malaga and Bilbao have underground rail networks, commuter trains, inter-city buses and even night services.
Each city has its own transport system, which is usually connected to those of the autonomous community and the State. If you wish to obtain further information, we advise you to go to the corresponding websites of the different transport companies. Generally speaking, they have transport passes of different kinds, depending on the means of transport used, frequency, age, economic means, etc.